Pen Y Fan Walks – 4 Routes To The Summit

This is a guide to hiking Pen y Fan, the highest mountain in South Wales. In this article I explain all you need to know about the 4 best Pen y Fan routes.

Pen y Fan Walks

Let me start by explaining how to pronounce it! If you’re not from Wales you’d be mistaken into thinking that it’s pronounced penny fan. But that’s one sure way to get a chuckle from the locals.

Actually, you won’t go far wrong if you try pen-er-van. Right, now we have that sorted, let’s talk about hiking Pen y Fan.

At 886m Pen y Fan literally means the top peak and there are several routes that can take you to the top.

It’s the highest peak in the Brecon Beacons, so whichever way you take there’s definitely a decent amount of “up”. As such there is no easy route to the top. Some, however, are more straight forward than others.

Being born and bred in nearby Merthyr Tydfil I’ve hiked this mountain more times than I can remember, so let’s get stuck into the trail options!

If you want to read more about the top things to do in nearby Merthyr Tydfil, take a look at this post!


Pen Y Fan Routes

1. The Easiest Route Up Pen y Fan – The Motorway

This trail is the easiest Pen y Fan walk from a navigational point of view, as there is a stone footpath all the way to the top. I call it the motorway route because, as you might have guessed, it’s the most popular.

The hike starts in Pont ar Daf car park which you may have seen on the news for being jam-packed with cars pre-lockdown!

At the southern end of the car park there is a kissing gate that takes you to a bridge that crosses the river. After crossing the bridge, a well made trail takes you up the mountain side.

As you get closer to the top you will see a peak that appears to be the summit but don’t be fooled, this is actually Corn du, the second highest peak in the Beacons.

To add an extra challenge to your Pen y Fan hike you can take the footpath that leads to this peak. But if you want to stick with the main objective, take the footpath that leads slightly to the right and around Corn du. Once on this footpath you have one final push to the top of Pen y Fan.

Did you know? The cairn on the summit was a Bronze Age burial chamber. Now it’s a popular spot to get out the camera and take that “I made it” selfie!

After enjoying the 360 degree views (weather permitting) it’s time to head back down the way you came up. Once in the car park you can enjoy a well deserved ice cream!

The flat top peak of Pen y Fan
Looking down on Cribyn

For more photographs of the Brecon Beacons and Wales in general click here

2. The Storey Arms Route – Military Route

  • Distance: 7.2 km round trip
  • Elevation gain: 530m
  • Pros: Includes the second highest peak of Corn du
  • Cons: A lot of up and down
  • Map: Brecon Beacons Explorer 12

This hike starts from Storey Arms car park. From the car park cross the road and head up the path to the left of the Storey Arms (as you look at it). A man made path will take you all the way to the top. This path has a steep start then descends for a while before reascending to reach the summit of Corn du.

From the top you can see Pen y Fan ahead of you on a well made trail. Follow this trail by descending Corn du first then continuing up to Pen y Fan. To return simply follow the path back down.

Make a loop of it? You can combine these first two hikes to make a slightly longer (7.6km) loop. Park in the Pont ar Daf car park and ascend the motorway route. After reaching the summit, return via Corn du, down to Storey Arms then follow the footpath alongside the road to return to the car park. Top job!

Sunrise over Taf Fechan valley from near Pen y Fan summit

3. The Pen y Fan Horseshoe Ridge Route

  • Distance: 15.3km round trip
  • Elevation gain: 1620m
  • Pros: Includes the 4 table-top peaks that form the core of the Central Brecon Beacons
  • Cons: Hard to navigate in poor weather
  • Map: Brecon Beacons Explorer 12
The Brecon Beacons horseshoe ridge walk includes all four peaks of Fan y Big, Cribyn, Pen y Fan and Corn Du


This Pen y Fan hike is definitely a lot more involved and a little trickier to get to as it’s not on the main A470 road. However, the Brecon Beacons horseshoe ridge walk, as it is also known, is a great full day in the mountains.

The hike starts from Neuadd Reservoir access road car park in Talybont. From the car park follow the road north. The official road ends and forks into two paths. The path to the right leads to the pass between Cribyn and Fan y Big. Take the tarmac path to the left which leads to the now empty reservoir.

Construction around this area has now been completed and there is a newly built bridge to cross over the river. From here you can see the whole route in front of you as you’ll walk around this amazing glacial valley.

The path ascends steeply up onto the ridge. Once on top the ridge, again head north along the well maintained path to reach, first Corn Du and then Pen y Fan.

From Pen y Fan descend steeply down the track (known as Jacobs Ladder) then reascend to Cribyn, the third highest peak. From Cribyn you have the option to descend and follow the path back to the car park or you can ascend the final peak, Fan y Big.

Any ideas how to pronounce this one? I’ll give you a clue – it’s not fanny big!

After completing the final peak you will see the well made path that takes you parallel to the drained reservoir and then along the road, back to the car park. Time for a well earned sit down (but sadly no ice cream here).

Pen y Fan walks are always great days in the Welsh countryside, however there are lots of other walking options in the Brecon Beacons. In this post I reveal my top 10 Brecon Beacons walks.

Pen y Fan horseshoe during a snowy sunset.

4. The Cwm Llwch Route

Just south of Brecon town there are several Pen y Fan walks that lead to the summit. From the National trust Cwm Llwch car park on Ffwdgrech Road, an obvious path leads directly along the ridge to the top of this famed peak. This out and back trail is the shortest route to Pen y Fan from the north.

This trail can be combined with other paths from the north to make longer loops. For example, to the west there is a path from Nant Cwm Llwch car park which ascends Pen y Fan via a small lake (Llyn Cwm Llwch). Or to the east there is a trail that ascends the ridge to Cribyn before continuing on to Pen y Fan.

Did you know? In Wales we have something called an Eisteddfod, which is basically a festival for all things traditionally Welsh, like poetry and singing. When I was in primary school we were split into 3 teams to compete in things like the Eisteddfod and sports days. The 3 teams were Pen y Fan, Corn Du and Cribyn. I was in Cribyn, so that’s always been my favourite peak in the Central Beacons!

Hiking the Pen Y Fan Routes – What do you need?

For a complete mountain day packing list, take a look at this article.

For more photos and videos of my adventures, follow me on social media.


Pen y Fan Accommodation


If you’re on a budget then the best place to stay after hiking ‘the fan’ is the YHA Brecon Beacons.

Dorm beds are available from £15.


For a more luxurious option just south of Pen y Fan try the Nant Ddu Lodge and Spa. They also serve delicious food here which will be well deserved after after a Pen y Fan hike!

Rooms from £75 per night.

Or if you’d prefer to based in the town of Brecon itself, I recommend staying at the centrally located George Hotel.

Final Thoughts on Hiking Pen y Fan

I can’t remember how many times I’ve hiked up Pen y Fan and I always try to climb it once or twice a year. I’ve hiked the horseshoe in wellies (not recommended!) and I’ve hiked up for sunrise in a windchill of -15°C (also not recommended!) 

It’s a great hill but remember to check the weather forecast before you go as it can change quickly up there. Try to avoid the crowds on busy bank holiday weekends and most importantly, enjoy the views!

If the weather forecast is looking stormy and wet but you still want to get out, why not do a waterfall walk instead? You can discover the best Brecon Beacons waterfall walks in this post!

Do you have any questions about these hikes or any other hikes in the area? Please feel free to contact me here

Are you interested in trying some alternative hikes in Europe this year? If so, consider the Valbona to Theth Trail in Albania. To find out why I’ve put this adventure on my list for 2022,  take a look at this post!

Disclaimer: Some links in this article are affiliate links, which means that if you purchase through them I receive a small commission, at no extra cost to you. This helps cover the costs of running this blog. Thanks for your support!

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Louise is an overland leader from South Wales who runs adventure tours in Africa, Asia and the Americas. Louise is trained in mountain leadership and has a passion for photography.

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